Seventh-day Adventists are unique in their belief of
a "Pre Advent Judgment" doctrine which they claim
started at the end of the "2300 day"
in 1844. But is this doctrine
based on a false premise?
The "2300 day" day prophecy of
includes several shorter time prophecies which should
fit in and reconcile with the larger time period
parameters. The prophetic events of the chart should
also be consistent with known historical events and
other Scripture. Whilst the "2300 day" chart used by
Seventh-day Adventists accommodates the "1260 day"
prophecy from 538 to 1798, it does not reconcile with
the other shorter prophetic time periods including
the "70 weeks" of
Daniel 9, the "1290 days" of
Daniel 12 and "1335 days" also of
The "1290 day" and
"1335 day" time prophecies of
Daniel 12 and how they fit within the "2300 day"
time prophecy are well explained in our
pages, particularly in a
Sermon on Daniel 12.
Let's briefly have a look at another short prophecy
which is part of the longer "2300 day" prophecy. The "70 week" prophecy of
began with the decree of
Artaxerxes 1. This prophecy predicted not only the
coming of the Messiah at the end of "69 weeks"
but that He would be
"cut off" or crucified in the midst of the 70th week. The decree of Artaxerxes is generally believed to have occurred in
either 458 BC or 457 BC. Since there is no universal
agreement we need to examine other evidence.
Scripture tells us
that Jesus died on Friday Nisan 14, the day prior to
the annual Passover, during the years AD 26-36 during
which Pilate governed. Astronomical records tell us
that a Friday crucifixion could only have occurred in
the years 27 AD, 30 AD and 33 AD. The year 27 AD is
generally accepted as too early. According to Wikipedia
the majority of modern scholars favour the year 30
AD, whilst the year 33 AD is also popular. The year
30 AD is generally favoured over 33 AD because it accommodates
the death of King Herod in 4 BC.
There is also
support for a 30 AD crucifixion from the Jewish
Talmud and other Scripture passages including
Ezekiel 4:6. In Matthew 23 and 24 Jesus
predicted the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem
which came to pass 40 years after his death and
Ezekiel 4 predicted the Roman army siege of
Jerusalem (which started at Passover in 70AD) and was
followed by the complete destruction of the city and
slaughter of up one million of its inhabitants. The
two million Jews who survived this calamity were then
sold into slavery or exiled from their own land and
scattered abroad to all the nations.
All these texts prophesied that
the destruction of Jerusalem (70 AD) would occur 40
years after the iniquity of Judah (murder of the
Now only the
Seventh-day Adventists and Worldwide Church of God
believe in a 31 AD crucifixion.
According to astronomical records Nisan 14 in 31 AD
occurred on a Wednesday. The Worldwide Church of God
tries to get
around this by claiming that Christ laid in the tomb
for 3 complete 24 hour days before a Sunday
resurrection. The Seventh-day Adventists have a lot
of difficulty trying to explain a 31 AD crucifixion
and end up relying upon the
writings of their prophet Ellen White in
"Desire of Ages".
Let's have a quick look at the SDA prophet Ellen White
and how the church developed its "2300 day" prophecy
In its early years the Seventh-day Adventist
church believed in an 1843 prophetic chart which was
recognized and attested by their prophet Ellen G. White in 1850 in
the Present Truth. In her book Early Writings
pgs. 74, 75 she wrote
"I have seen that the 1843 chart was directed by the
hand of the Lord, and that it should not be altered...".
However after the 1843 disappointment, SDA
reset the date to 1844. The consequence of this was
that prophetic events had to be put forward by 1
year, even contrary to historical events.
Initially SDA pioneers tried to fudge some figures to
accommodate the "1290 day" and "1335 day" time
The “fudging” of those years was noted – but not
explained. Then later they totally eliminated the
1335-day and the 1290-day periods from the chart.
They simply did not understand what they meant.
It has been noted that some pastors and scholars in the SDA church
have also questioned aspects of their church's 1844 chart, but
in the end have
reasoned, why it must be right because Ellen White
said so in her later writings. Although Ellen White
may have been a great prophet, it is dangerous for a
church to place greater
credence on the "lesser light" of their
the "greater light" of the Bible.
Despite the above criticism of SDA prophetic
interpretation, at Bible in Song we are not
anti Seventh-day Adventists nor any other religious
denomination, in fact our
pages were authored by an SDA pastor and Bible
Commentator who was guided by the "greater light" of