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Book of Luke

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  11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20  
  21 | 22 | 23 | 24                          

Luke 6

King James Version
Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.
2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?
3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungered, and they which were with him.
4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the showbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?
5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.
7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.
8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.
9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?
10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.

The Twelve Apostles
12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;
14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

Blessings and Woes
17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;
18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed.
19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.
20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.
22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.
24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.
25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.

Love for Enemies
27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,
28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.
29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.
30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.
31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.
32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.
33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.
34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.
35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.
36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Judging Others
37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?
40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.
41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?
42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye.

A Tree and Its Fruit
43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.
45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

The Wise and Foolish Builders
46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?
47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like:
48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.
49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.1

References and notes

1.  King James Authorized Version
2.  McGarvey and Pendleton -
3.  The Sermon on the Mount by John A. Tvedtnes -
4.  Sermon on the Plain From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -
5. Luke, The Greatest Storyteller -




Learn More About ...
Luke 6
Sermon on the Plain
Little Known about Luke




In this chapter we have Christ's exposition of the moral law, which he came not to destroy, but to fulfil, and to fill up, by his gospel.
Here is a proof of the lawfulness of works of necessity and mercy on the Sabbath day, the former in vindication of his disciples' plucking the ears of corn, the latter in vindication of himself healing the withered hand on that day (v. 1-11).
His retirement for secret prayer (v. 12).
His calling his twelve apostles (v. 13-16).
His curing the multitudes of those under various diseases who made their application to him (v. 17-19).
The sermon that he preached to his disciples and the multitude, instructing them in their duty both to God and man (v. 20-49).3



Sermon on the Plain

The Sermon on the Plain, said to be by Jesus according to Gospel of Luke 6:17-49, may be compared to the longer Sermon on the Mount. Some commentators believe they may be the same sermon, others that Jesus frequently preached similar themes in different places, still others that neither sermons really took place but were conflations of Jesus's primary teachings as put together by Matthew and Luke. Luke 6:12-20a sets the stage for the sermon, Jesus spent the night on the mountain praying to God, the next day he gathered his disciples and selected 12 of them whom he named Apostles, on the way down he stopped at a level place where there were a lot of people and he cured those who were sick and then looking at his disciples he began what is called the Sermon on the Plain.4


Structure of Luke's Sermon

Beatitudes (6:20-26)
Love your enemies and turn the other cheek (6:27-36)
Treat others the way you want to be treated (6:31)
Don't judge and you won't be judged, don't condemn and you won't be condemned, forgive and you will be forgiven, give and you will receive (6:37-38)
Can the blind lead the blind? Disciples are not above their teacher (6:39-40a)
Remove the log from your own eye before attending to the splinter in your friend's (40b-42)
A good tree does not produce bad fruit and a bad tree cannot produce good fruit, each tree is known by its fruit (43-45)
Why do you call me Lord, Lord yet not do what I command? (46)
Whoever follows these words of mine builds on rock and will survive, whoever does not builds on sand and will be destroyed (47-49)
According to 7:1, after Jesus had said everything he had to say to the crowd, he went to Capernaum.4



Author of Luke

Luke was not one of the twelve disciples. He most likely never met Jesus during the Lord's earthly ministry. He did not have a post-resurrection visit from Jesus, as Paul and others did. No, Luke was simply an ordinary man, going about his ordinary life when he first heard the Gospel message. And, of course, his life was never "ordinary" again. This is a man who wrote the greatest story ever told, marking the beginning of what many call the greatest book ever written: the gospel that bears his name. This, combined with the book of Acts—almost universally accepted as Luke's sequel—composes a body of work that makes up a full one-fourth of the New Testament. With this substantial offering, Luke wrote more of the New Testament than any other individual, including Paul. 5


Little known about Luke

We know less about Luke than about any other New Testament writer. In fact, his name appears only three times in all of Scripture (Colossians 4:14, Philemon 24, 2 Timothy 4:10-11). However, these references provide vital information. First, he was a trusted friend and travelling companion of Paul. The apostle held him in high regard and, it is believed, provided Luke with the source material for his gospel. It is easy to imagine Luke and Paul on the road travelling, talking, and sharing stories that were later recorded in Luke's history of Jesus Christ. Also, Luke, who Scripture seems to indicate was a Gentile, is identified as a physician. This shows that, even from the beginning of the church, science and faith were not mutually exclusive. Luke's vocation also provides some explanation for his meticulous attention to detail in recording the life and times of Jesus and the apostles.5


Different Accounts

None of Matthew 6 appears in the sermon account given in Luke, while about half of the material in Matthew 7 has its counterpart in Luke, who adds a few additional items not found in Matthew. Matthew places the sermon near the beginning of Christ’s ministry in the Capernaum area and before the calling of the twelve. Luke, on the other hand places it after the call and ordination of the twelve (Luke 6). However, the account in Luke is very sketchy compared to the three chapters that Matthew devoted to quoting the Saviour. Each version begins with the beatitudes, but, while Matthew (5:3-12) lists nine of them, Luke (6:20-26) lists only four, followed by some "woes." Then Luke gives nothing to parallel Matthew until Matthew 5:39-44 (Luke 6:29-31,27-8). Luke 6:32 also parallels Matthew 5:46, while Luke 6:33-35 has no parallel in Matthew. Where Matthew 5:48 reads "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect," Luke 6:36 has, "Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful."3


Harmonising the Sermons

Harmonists who wish to make this sermon in Luke identical with the sermon on the mount recorded by Matthew, say that Jesus stood during the healing of the multitude, and that he afterwards went a little way up the mountain-side and sat down when he taught (Matthew 5:1). The plain is meant by our translators to indicate a plateau on the side of the mountain, and not the plain at its base. In this translation they were influenced somewhat by a desire to make the two sermons one. It is more likely that the sermons were not identical, yet they were probably delivered about the same time, for in each Evangelist the sermon is followed by an account of the healing of the centurion's servant.2

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