Bible Commentary on the
Book of Revelation
King James Version
1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I
saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to
him was given the key of the bottomless pit.
2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose
a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great
furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by
reason of the smoke of the pit.
3 And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the
earth: and unto them was given power, as the
scorpions of the earth have power.
4 And it was commanded them that they should not
hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green
thing, neither any tree; but only those men which
have not the seal of God in their foreheads.
5 And to them it was given that they should not kill
them, but that they should be tormented five months:
and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion,
when he striketh a man.
6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall
not find it; and shall desire to die, and death
shall flee from them.
7 And the shapes of the locusts were like unto
horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were
as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as
the faces of men.
8 And they had hair as the hair of women, and their
teeth were as the teeth of lions.
9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates
of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the
sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.
10 And they had tails like unto
scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and
their power was to hurt men five months.
11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel
of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew
tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his
12 One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes
13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice
from the four horns of the golden altar which is
14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet,
Loose the four angels which are bound in the great
15 And the four angels were loosed, which were
prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a
year, for to slay the third part of men.
16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were
two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the
number of them.
17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them
that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and
of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the
horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their
mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.
18 By these three was the third part of men killed,
by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone,
which issued out of their mouths.
19 For their power is in their mouth, and in their
tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and
had heads, and with them they do hurt.
20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by
these plagues yet repented not of the works of their
hands, that they should not worship devils, and
idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and
of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:
21 Neither repented they of their murders, nor of
their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of
AND THE FIFTH ANGEL SOUNDED, AND I SAW A STAR FALL
HEAVEN UNTO THE EARTH, AND TO HIM WAS GIVEN THE KEY
OF THE BOTTOMLESS PIT.
And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star
fall from heaven unto the earth
is a difference between this Star, which fell from
heaven to the star of the third Trumpet. The Star of
the third Trumpet was a meteor, which appeared
suddenly and then disappeared almost as quickly.
This Star is the angel of the bottomless pit, in
verse 11 he is called Abaddon and Apollyon (means a
We have already noticed that in Scripture, Angels
are symbolised as Stars.
Revelation 12:4 says,
"And his tail drew the third part of the stars of
heaven…" Verse 9 says, "And the great dragon
was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil,
and Satan … he was cast into the earth and his
angels with him."
This harmonises with what Jesus said in
10:18, "And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as
lightning fall from heaven." The Star that fell
from heaven is none other than Satan and in the role
of the destroyer, was and is, responsible for the
terrible bloodshed and carnage that has come upon
And to him was given the key of the bottomless
The key was a symbol of power and control. It was
Satan's master mind that invented and loosed upon
the world the false religion of Mohammedanism. It
was a religion of force and not of love. Wherever
the followers of Mohammed went, there was a single
rule of action, "confess that there is but one
God, and that Mohammed is His prophet; pay tribute,
or choose death." They regarded Jesus Christ as
a prophet inferior to Mohammed, there was no atoning
blood, but rather they shed the blood of those who
resisted their religion.
Mohammed a deeply religious man, spent much time
in fasting and prayer, sometimes as much as a full
month. It was after one of these seasons of
seclusion he announced his belief in one God and
that Mohammed was the prophet of God. This was the
beginning of Islamism. Mohammedanism was the power
which transformed the simple Arabs into a united and
powerful military force. Up to this time the Arabs,
or the Saracens, had never exercised any influence
in the affairs of men. In the history of the
nations, these free men of the desert had hardly
been noticed. Mohammedanism united the scattered
tribes and sent them forth as the conquerors of
OPENED THE BOTTOMLESS PIT; AND THERE AROSE A SMOKE
OUT OF THE PIT, AS THE SMOKE OF A GREAT FURNACE; AND
THE SUN AND THE AIR WERE DARKENED BY REASON OF THE
SMOKE OF THE PIT.
And he opened the pit; and there arose a smoke
out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace
The bottomless pit is a symbol of darkness, for
the smoke that issued forth from it, obscured the
sun and darkened the air. The term 'bottomless pit'
is used several times in Scripture, in each case it
implies desolation and darkness. Mohammedanism was
the power that was released as the Key opened the
pit. Without question the Key was the Koran, the
Mohammedan Bible. Mohammed claimed that he received
the Koran from the angel Gabriel by revelation, that
it was inspired. Philip Mauro said,
"Mohammedanism has a superman and a book. It is a
Satanic imitation of Christianity. It as spread over
a great part of the Christianised world. At this
time it embraces in its curse 200 millions of
It is a well-known fact that the Koran or the
religion which Mohammed claimed to have received by
divine revelation, was the secret of his power over
the Saracens. However the prophecy very clearly says
that the Key was not given to Mohammed by the angel
Gabriel but rather to the fallen angel Satan.
And the sun and the air were darkened by reason
of the smoke of the pit
The smoke darkened the light of the sun. The SUN
is symbolic of the Gospel light. Christ said "I
am the Light of the World." The black smoke of
the furnace that obscured it fitly represents the
false religion of Mohammed. Dr Adam Clarke, well
known Bible commentator says, "There arose a
smoke (false doctrines), obscuring the true
light of heaven."
AND THERE CAME OUT Of THE SMOKE LOCUSTS UPON THE
EARTH: AND UNTO THEM WAS GIVEN POWER, AS THE
SCORPIONS Of THE EARTH HAVE POWER.
And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the
Locusts are destructive; this is a perfect symbol
of a desolating army. The eighth plague God sent
upon the land of Egypt was that of locusts.
10:14 says, "And the locusts covered the land of
Egypt from border to border; it was the worst locust
plague in all Egyptian history; and there will never
again be another like it." Verse 15 says,
"for they covered the face of the whole earth, so
that the land was darkened: and they did eat every
herb, of the land, and all the fruit of the trees
which the hail had left: and there remained not any
green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the
field through all the land of Egypt" (The Living
Bible). "Like locusts, the Osmanlis swarmed in
all directions and no village missed their notice up
to the very walls of Constantinople" (Herbert
Adams Gibbons 'The foundation of the Ottoman
Empire'). "Onward and still onward, like swarms
from the hive, or flights of locusts darkening the
land, tribe after tribe issued forth, end hastening
northward, spread in great masses to the east, and
to the west" ('The Caliphate', Sir William Muir
And unto them was given power, as the scorpions
of the earth have power
Scorpions is another symbol used in this prophecy
and in the Scripture it represents demons.
Notice what Jesus says in
particularly verse 19, "Behold, I give unto you
power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over
all the power of the enemy; and nothing shall by any
means hurt you."
Normally locusts do not attack human beings, but
these symbolic locusts are portrayed as being like
scorpions, a rather vicious, a rather vicious and
much feared creature. This of course was very true
of the Saracens. Edward Gibbon wrote that they were
"armed against mankind, and doubly inflamed by
the domestic license of rapine, murder, and
AND IT WAS COMMANDED THEM THAT THEY SHOULD NOT HURT
THE GRASS OF THE EARTH, NEITHER ANY GREEN THING,
NEITHER ANY TREE: BUT ONLY THOSE MEN WHICH HAVE NOT
THE SEAL OF GOD IN THEIR FOREHEADS.
And it was commanded them that they should not
hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green
thing, neither any tree
Locusts are one of the worst destroyers of
vegetation on the face of this earth. They are
greatly feared almost anywhere. However these are
symbolic locusts, representing the Saracen warriors.
Grass and trees are also symbols of God's people.
There are many passages of Scripture telling us
that. However it would seem that real literal
vegetation is meant here as we notice in the next
part of the verse.
But only those men which have not the seal of God
in their foreheads
We noticed in the seventh chapter that God has a
special seal placed in the foreheads of His people.
In Ezekiel the ninth chapter, we are told that those
who are sealed are those who sigh and cry for the
abominations done in God's church. In every age God
has those who are loyal to Him and who refuse to
compromise truth with error, who are firm to
It is interesting to notice how this order was
carried out by the Saracens. Abu-bekr, the leader of
the Arabian tribes after the death of Mohammed, gave
this order as the tribes gathered for the conquest
of Syria 632 A.D.: "When you fight the battles of
the Lord, acquit you like men, without turning your
backs; but let not your victory be stained with the
blood of women and children. Destroy no palm trees,
nor burn any fields of corn, cut down no fruit
trees, nor do any mischief to cattle, only such as
you kill to eat … you will find some religious
persons who live retired in monasteries, and propose
to themselves to serve God that way: let them alone,
and neither kill them nor destroy their monasteries.
And you will find another sort of people, that
belong to the synagogue of Satan, who have shaven
crowns; be sure you cleave their skulls, and give
them no quarter…" (The Decline and Fall of the
Roman Empire Vol V. chap 51, pp.189, 190). God put
it into their hearts to spare His people and to kill
without mercy the tonsured priests and monks.
THEM IT WAS GIVEN THAT THEY SHOULD NOT KILL THEM,
BUT THAT THEY SHOULD BE TORMENTED FIVE MONTHS: AND
THEIR TORMENT WAS AS THE TORMENT OF A SCORPION, WHEN
HE STIKETH A MAN.
And to them it was given that they should not
kill them, but that they should be tormented five
The Saracens were not to destroy Eastern Rome but
they were to hurt or torment (attack) for 5
prophetic months. Fortunately there is no difficulty
in finding the starting point of this period for
Edward Gibbon supplies the date. "It was on the
27th July in the year 1299 A.D. that Othman first
invaded the territory of Nicomedia; and the singular
accuracy of the date seems to disclose some
foresight of the rapid and destructive growth of the
monster." (The Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire, Vol V1, p.226)
Seeing we have the starting date it is a very
simple matter to find out when this period ends.
= 1 Year
= 30 Days
= 30 Days x 5
= 150 Days or Years
= 1299 A.D. + 150 Years = 1449 A.D.
During the 150 years, the Ottoman Empire engaged
in almost continuous warfare against the Greek
Empire, however they did not conquer it until 1449
when the last of the Greek emperors Constantine took
the throne. This was a striking fulfilment of the
prophecy that they should hurt men for 5 months or
Dr Thomas Newton gives an excellent comment on
this text. The fifth Trumpet: the locusts not to
kill but to torment, "Not that it could be
supposed that the Saracens would not "kill" many
thousands in their incursions. On the contrary,
their angel hath the name of "the destroyer" (Rev.
9:11). They might "kill" them as individuals, but
still they should not "kill" them as a political
body, as a state or empire. They might greatly
harass and "torment" both the Greek and the Latin
churches, but they should not utterly extirpate the
one or the other. They besieged Constantinople, and
even plundered capital cities. The Greek Empire
suffered most from them, as it lay nearest to them"
(Dissertations on the Prophecies, Thomas Newton D.D.
And their torment was as the torment of a
scorpion, when he striketh a man
The sting of a scorpion may be exceedingly
painful, but it is seldom fatal to man. As we have
noticed in the last quotation, that the Saracens
stung the Empire but did not really kill it until
the end of the 150 years or in the year 1449 A. D.
THOSE DAYS SHALL MEN SEEK DEATH, AND SHALL NOT FIND
IT; AND SHALL DESIRE TO DIE, AND DEATH SHALL FLEE
This statement is well explained by Thomas Scott
in his Explanatory Notes on Revelation. "It was
also foretold, that these tremendous conquerors
would cause extreme calamities and miseries to the
inhabitants of the countries which they ravaged, by
giving the utmost licence to the cruelty, rapacity,
and lust of the soldiers. So that death would appear
to vast numbers more desirable than life; and the
conquerors would have been more merciful, if they
had dispatched the wretched victims of their
unbridled passions than by constraining to drag on
an unwilling life; and so prolonging those miseries
which they ardently wished for death to terminate."
THE SHAPES OF THE LOCUSTS WERE LIKE UNTO HORSES
PREPARED UNTO BATTLE; AND ON THEIR HEADS WERE AS IT
WERE CROWNS LIKE GOLD, AND THEIR FACES WERE AS THE
FACES OF MEN.
And the shapes of the locusts were like unto
horses prepared unto battle
The shape of these figurative 'locusts' is next
described. It says that they resembled horses; as
indeed locusts do, especially in their heads. It
certainly is a very fitting symbol, for the Arabs
are famous as horsemen.
Arabia is considered to be the home of the horse
and the historian tells us that the horses were
educated among the children of the Arabs, and there
developed a very close attachment between horse and
rider. Spur and whip were not used as the horse was
taught to respond immediately to the touch of the
hand or the stirrup. Seeing that so much of the
success of these human locusts depended upon the
steeds they rode, it is not surprising that the
prophet John saw them "like horses prepared unto
And on their heads were as it were crowns like
This is a description of the colourful turbans
which they wore. Ezekiel the prophet describes the
turbans of the Sabaeans or Keturite Arabs. "Sabaeans
from the wilderness, which put bracelets upon their
hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads." "And
on their heads were as it were crowns like gold."
It is very interesting to read of the time when
Mahomat entered Medina (A.D. 622) and was first
received as its prince, 'a turban was unfurled
before him to supply the deficiency of a standard.'
The turbans of the Saracens, like unto a coronet
were their ornament and their boast.
And their faces were as the faces of men
These symbolic locusts certainly had an unusual
appearance. They resembled horses, they wore
colourful headdress and they had the faces of men.
The Arabs wore beards, which gave them a
distinguished appearance and at the same time a
manly bearing. There was nothing feminine about
THEY HAD HAIR AS THE HAIR OF WOMEN, AND THEIR TEETH
WERE AS THE TEETH OF LIONS.
And they had hair as the hair of women
They had 'faces' like men; but they wore their
hair like women, plaited, or flowing down their
backs. Yes under the colourful turbans they had long
hair, however the Scripture hastens to add that they
were fearless fighters.
And their teeth were as the teeth of lions
The 'teeth' like lions represented their strength
and fury to destroy. Just as the lion uses his teeth
to rip and tear his victims, so these Arab warriors
in their cruelty literally tore their victims.
AND THEY HAD BREASTPLATES, AS IT WERE BREASTPLATES
OF IRON; AND the SOUND OF THEIR WINGS WAS AS THE
SOUND OF CHARIOTS OF MANY HORSES RUNNING TO BATTLE.
And they had breastplates, as it were
breastplates of iron
The Saracens wore defensive armour, they had
breastplates of iron as body protection.
And the sound of their wings was as the sound of
chariots of many horses running to battle
Their conquests were carried out with great speed
and extended over wide areas. As their military
forces were made up mostly of cavalry and archers,
plus very speedy horses, they were able to cover
large distances in a comparatively short time.
Before we move on to the next part of the text
under consideration, it is worth noting several
points that clearly indicate why the Saracens are
considered to be the power mentioned in this
Because they came from the East, as the locusts
Because of their vast numbers, and their
wandering state and condition, living in tents,
and roaming from place to place (Nahum 3:15,16).
Because they are expressly likened unto
grasshoppers or locusts (Judges 7:3-5).
From the suddenness of their invasions, and the
prodigious swiftness of their conquests, and the
great havoc and ravages made by them (An
Historical Exposition of the Prophecies of the
Revelation of St John, Matthew Habershon pp.
THEY HAD TAILS LIKE UNTO SCORPIONS, AND THERE WERE
STINGS IN THEIR TAILS: AND THEIR POWER WAS TO HURT
MEN FIVE MONTHS.
And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there
were stings in their tails
They were like locusts for they ate up and
depopulated the countries through which they had
passed. Also they had tails like scorpions for there
was poison in their tail. This point is well taken
by Peter Jurieu, "These locusts had tails like
scorpions, and stings in their tails. All the world
knows that the tail and the sting in the serpent
(scorpion) is the seat of venom and poison. And
poison is the emblem of false doctrine. Which
signifies not only that the Arabians would carry
desolation and death everywhere, but also the venom
of a detestable religion" (Accomplishment of the
Scripture Prophecies, part 1 chap 7, p.70 London
And their power was to hurt men five months
During these 150 years the Ottoman Empire engaged
in almost continual warfare against the Greek
Empire. They did not conquer it until 1449, when the
last of the Greek emperors, Constantine, took the
throne, but only after seeking permission of the
sultan of the Ottoman Empire! This was a striking
fulfilment of the prophecy that they should hurt men
for five months, or 150 years and then in the very
year of its termination their power would decline.
THEY HAD A KING OVER THEM, WHICH IS THE ANGEL OF THE
BOTTOMLESS PIT, WHOSE NAME IN THE HEBREW TONGUE IS
ABADDON, BUT IN THE GREEK TONGUE HATH HIS NAME
And they had a king over them, which is the angel
of the bottomless pit
The king who is the angel of the bottomless pit
is the STAR who fell from heaven. Isaiah the prophet
identifies him in
Isaiah 14:12, "How art thou
fallen from heaven, 0 Lucifer, son of the morning!
how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst
weaken the nations!" And Jesus said in Luke
10:18, "...I beheld Satan as lightning fall from
The real KING was none other than Lucifer or
Satan. Mohammed was a prophet, not a king, and it
was not until the 13th century that they had a king.
At the close of that century Othman consolidated the
tribes and became king. It was then the Ottoman
Empire was founded.
Whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but
in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon
Abaddon, Apollyon (margin says = a destroyer).
Both these words mean 'destroyer', a fitting title
for Satan who destroys both the bodies and souls of
men. It also fits their Caliphs who were the chief
priests of their religion, the commanders of their
armies, and their emperors.
This is a remarkable prophecy which exposes the
mastermind of evil for what he is, one whose every
effort is directed to the destruction of men and the
ruining of the Plan of Salvation.
WOE IS PAST; AND, BEHOLD, THERE COMES TWO WOES MORE
The first woe was to continue from the rise of
Mohammedanism until the end of the five months, then
the first woe was to end, and the second begin.
THE SIXTH ANGEL SOUNDED, AND I HEARD A VOICE FROM
THE FOUR HORNS OF THE GOLDEN ALTAR WHICH IS BEFORE
We are taken back to the throne room of God. I am
sure the prophet must have been wondering why God
was allowing these hordes of non-Christians to
trample down the Christian Church. By way of
encouragement he is reminded that Jesus is still at
work before the golden altar. The restraining had of
God had been holding the contending forces in check,
in order that men may acknowledge the righteousness
of Jehovah. Had men turned to God and no Longer
corrupted the Gospel, these judgments would have
been withheld. Because men desired evil and
corrupted the truth, then this further plague must
TO THE SIXTH ANGEL WHICH HAD THE TRUMPET, LOOSE THE
FOUR ANGELS WHICH ARE BOUND IN THE GREAT RIVER
The four angels holding the four winds of warfare
in the region of the Euphrates, or Middle East, are
liberated by the divine watcher at the golden altar,
which results in the final fall of Eastern Europe to
the Turks. The Turkish power had been bound, in a
measure, by Rome; for as long as Rome held
Constantinople, the Saracen power was limited in the
Loose the four angels which are bound in the
great river Euphrates
These words seem to refer to the four principal
sultanies of which the Ottoman Empire was composed.
To Bagdad, Damascus, Aleppo and Iconium which were
located in the in the Euphrates area.
THE FOUR ANGELS WERE LOOSED, WHICH WERE PREPARED FOR
AN HOUR, AND A DAY, AND A MONTH, AND A YEAR, FOR TO
SLAY THE THIRD PART OF MEN.
We will take
up this time period at the close of our study of the
For to slay the third part of men
Here is a very interesting commentary on this
point. "Among all the prophecies both of the Old
Testament and of the New, there is none that
painteth out the anti-Christian kingdom of the Turks
better than doth the Revelation of St John, whose
words let us weigh and consider... By loosing the
angels who had rule of the great river Euphrates, is
signified the letting out of the east, kings, that
is, the Turks, out of Scythia, Tartary, Persia, and
Arabia, by whom the third part of Christendom shall
be destroyed, as we see it this day hath come to
pass" (Written in 1563, with the Turks at the
gates of Central Europe, 'Acts and Monuments', John
Foxe, Vol 1V p.102).
THE NUMBER OF THE ARMY OF THE HORSEMEN WERE TWO
HUNDRED THOUSAND THOUSAND: AND I HEARD THE NUMBER Of
This number must be symbolic rather than literal,
as it is a vast number in all 200,000,000. There are
some who are of the opinion that 200,000 twice over
is meant, others think the 200,000,000 means all the
Turkish warriors during the 391 years and fifteen
days. Rev E.B Elliot has this to say on the matter.
"Myriads of myriads: a numeral phrase indefinite,
but according to its natural and not infrequent use
in Scripture, expressive of large numbers"
(Horae Apocalyticae, Rev. E.B.Elliot, A.M. Vol 1
pp.418, 479. 3rd edition).
THUS I SAW THE HORSES IN THE VISION, AND THEM THAT
SAT ON THEM, HAVING BREASTPLATES OF FIRE, AND OF
JACINTH, AND BRIMSTONE: AND THE HEADS OF THE HORSES
WERE AS THE HEADS OF LIONS; AND OUT OF THEIR MOUTHS
ISSUED FIRE AND SMOKE AND BRIMSTONE.
And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them
that sat on them having breastplates of fire, and of
jacinth, and brimstone
We are given a very detailed description of the
appearance of these Turkish warriors. Now we are
told the colours of their uniforms, 'fire' which
stands for red, 'Jacinth' or hyacinth, for blue, and
'brimstone' for yellow. The Turkish uniform was
composed largely of red or scarlet, blue and yellow.
And the heads of the horses were as the heads of
The lion is used as a symbol of strength, courage
and fierceness. Just so the horses used by the Turks
had the same qualities. Horses have been used a
great deal in warfare in by gone days and have shown
great courage. However these horses were more
courageous than most as they were the first to be
involved in a battle with firearms.
And out of their mouths issued fire, and smoke
To the prophet it seemed as if the fire, smoke
and brimstone came out of the mouths of the charging
horses. It was the Ottoman Turk who largely
introduced firearms into warfare. These old time
cavalrymen fired their muskets from their hips as
they rode along.
THESE THREE WAS THE THIRD PART OF MEN KILLED, BY THE
FIRE, AND BY THE SMOKE, AND BY THE BRIMSTONE, WHICH
ISSUED OUT OF THEIR MOUTHS.
It was by means of gunpowder, that Turkey
captured Constantinople and 'killed' the Roman
Empire. "It was to "the fire and the smoke and
the sulphur", to the artillery and firearms of
Mahomet, that the killing of the third part of men,
i.e., the capture of Constantinople, and by
consequence the destruction of the Greek Empire was
owing... "Canst thou cast a cannon", was the
question to the founder of cannon that deserted to
him, "of size sufficient to batter down the wall of
Constantinople?" Then the foundry was established at
Adrianople, the cannon cast, the artillery prepared,
and the seige began" (Horae Apocalypticae, Rev
E.B. Elliott, Vol 1, pp. 483, 484).
THEIR POWER IS IN THEIR MOUTH, AND IN THEIR TAILS:
FOR THEIR TAILS WERE LIKE UNTO SERPENTS, AND HAD
HEADS, AND WITH THEM THEY DO HURT.
In addition to the fire, smoke, and brimstone,
which apparently issued out of their mouths, it is
said that their power was also in their tails. Peter
Jurieu explains this very well, "These horses
that vomit up flame and smoke; have also tails like
unto serpents, with which they do hurt, viz., in
spreading their poison. And this is common to them
with the locusts of the fifth trumpet. Tis the venom
of the wicked religion of Mahomet, which the Turks
have established, and spread in all places where
they have established their dominion" (Peter
Jurieu, part 1, chap 7 p.75. London 1687).
It is very interesting to notice that the horse's
tail is a well-known Turkish standard, or ensign.
One historian mentions that on one occasion the
Turks lost their ensign (the horses tail) in battle
so the commander cut off his horse's tail, lifted it
up on a pole, and so rallied his men to victory.
THE REST OF THE MEN WHICH WERE NOT KILLED BY THESE
PLAGUES YET REPENTED NOT OF THE WORKS OF THEIR
HANDS, THAT THEY SHOULD NOT WORSHIP DEVILS, AND
IDOLS OF GOLD, AND SILVER, AND BRASS, AND STONE, AND
OF WOOD: WHICH NEITHER CAN SEE, NOR HEAR, NOR WALK.
You will remember that in the beginning of this
chapter the judgments were continued from the
previous chapter and these judgments were for the
purpose of making men realise that God is behind the
scenes directing the affairs of this earth.
And the rest of the men which were not killed by
these plagues yet repented not of the works of their
Those who were not destroyed, or compelled to
become Mohammedans, did not take the lesson to
heart. There are always those who never heed the
warnings either of God's Word or judgements, which
God sends in the physical world. Even during the 7
Last Plagues we are told that there are those who
"repented not to give Him glory" (Rev 16:9).
That they should not worship devils, and idols of
gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood:
which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk
Thomas Scott gives an interesting comment on this
verse "The Latin or Roman church, which escaped
this destruction, still persisted in the idolatrous
worship of demons, or angels and departed saints, …
in their stupid adoration of senseless images, for
which they have no better plea to use than the
Pagans had ..." (Scott's Explanatory Notes,
Vow of Mahomet 11, published in all the mosques,
March 11, 1470 says, "I promise to the only God,
Creator of all things, by my vow and my oath, that I
will not seek out that which is pleasant, nor touch
that which is beautiful, that I will not turn my
face from the west to the east, till I overthrow and
tread under the feet of my horses the gods of the
nations; these gods of wood, of brass, of silver,
and of gold, or of painting, which the disciples of
Christ have made with their hands."
NEITHER REPENTED THEY OF THEIR MURDERS, NOR OF THEIR
SORCERIES, NOR OF THEIR FORNICATION, NOR OF THEIR
Thomas Scott gives an excellent comment on this.
"... in their 'murders', massacres, and bloody
wars with hereticks, so called, and their execrable
(abominable, hateful) persecutions; in their
'sorceries', or pretended revelations and miricles:
and in their 'fornication'; forbidding marriage, yet
conniving at concubinage in the clergy; binding
numbers by vows to a single life, and yet licensing
brothels by publick authority of the Pope, in Rome
itself: and in 'their thefts', or those exactions,
and impositions, by which they fraudulently,
oppressively, and iniquitously drew immense
treasures from the nations" (Scotts Explanatory
Notes, Revelation 9:21).
Now let us go back to verse 15 and notice the
period of time mentioned there.
THE FOUR ANGELS WERE LOOSED, WHICH WERE PREPARED FOR
AN HOUR, AND A DAY, AND A MONTH, AND A YEAR, FOR TO
SLAY THE THIRD PART OF MEN.
The phenomenal rise of the Turk has been only
eclipsed by the speed of his decline. Western Rome
fell under military attack. Eastern Rome fell under
the religio-military onslaught of the Moslems. The
religion of Islam penetrated in the East like 'the
smoke of a great furnace', gaining so many converts
that they are compared with a plague of
grasshoppers. Moslem influence on Christianity was
as deadly as the sting of scorpion.
But according to the prophecy these religious
zealots would harass the church for a specific
period. It was to be five prophetic months = 150
literal years. Othman I led the invasion of Eastern
Rome on July 27th, 1299. The 150 years of the fifth
Trumpet ended on July 27th 1499.
The sixth Trumpet describes the time when the
Turks - allies of the Arabs - gained supremacy in
the East. Just four years after the commencement of
the sixth Trumpet, Eastern Rome collapsed when the
Turkish Sultan Mohammed II captured Constantinople.
The time of the sixth Trumpet is given as an
hour, a day, a month, and a year (verses 14, 15).
The fifth Trumpet ended on July 27, 1449. By
adding 391 years and 15 days to that date we arrive
at the very year and day of the end of the sixth
It is recorded that on that very day, this
prophecy was fulfilled. The Turkish Sultan and
Mehemet Ali, pasha of Egypt, were at war. In a
general battle between the armies of the Sultan and
Mehemet, the Sultan's army was cut off and destroyed
and his fleet taken by Mehemet and carried back to
Egypt. Mehemet refused to surrender the captured
vessels. At this critical situation England,
Austria, Prussia and Russia combined in the demand
that the pasha should return the fleet and evacuate
all other parts of the Sultan's dominions. A council
of these four powers was held in July 15th, 1840.
The ruler of Turkey agreed to abide by their
decision, and was only too glad to have his life
saved by their intervention. He thereby voluntarily
surrendered all rights into the hands of the
combined forces of Western Europe. An ultimatum was
dispatched to Mehemet offering him the hereditary
government of Egypt, territory in Palestine, and the
Gulf of Suez for his lifetime. The offer was handed
to and accepted by Mehemet Ali on August 11, 1840. A
remarkable fulfilment of prophecy.
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