The vision of the mighty angel in
chapter 10, and
the vision of the two witnesses in chapter 11
correspond to each other but are
not in chronological order. If they were, then
chapter 11 should
precede chapter 10. However the first two verses
carry on from chapter 10 and are very important in
understanding the full import of "Thou must
And there was given me a reed like a rod
This rod, given to John to use for measuring, is
a symbol of judgment, measuring the servants
of God is to examine them, to see if they are
living up to the standards God expects of them.
There is only one way that God's people can be
measured and that is by the written Word, the
2 Timothy 3:16 says, "All scripture
is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable
for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for
instruction in righteousness."
So in a general sense the Word of God, the Holy
Scriptures, have their part in measuring the lives
of His people.
However in a more specific way, the Ten
Commandments place their stamp of approval
or otherwise upon the Christian.
James 2:12 says, "So speak ye, and so do, as they
that shall be judged by the law of liberty."
And the angel stood, saying, rise, and measure the
temple of God, and the altar
The temple was to be measured or studied. This was
not referring to the earthly temple for that was
The temple to be measured must be the heavenly one
and the only way the heavenly temple or Sanctuary
could be measured or compared is by that of the
earthly Sanctuary. As we study the Scriptures it is quite clear that
the earthly Sanctuary was closely patterned after
the Heavenly one.
There is no question that as far as the Scriptures
are concerned the Sanctuary has a very prominent
place for in the first five books of Moses there
are 33 chapters dealing with the Sanctuary and in
the Book of Hebrews considerable attention is
the Heavenly Sanctuary.
The Books of Daniel and Revelation feature the
Sanctuary as a prominent subject.
As careful study was given to this subject, those
who come through the great disappointment
mentioned in chapter 10, and still held fast to
their belief in God and Christ's return,
They found by careful study that instead of coming
to the earth as LORD of LORDS and KING of KINGS
at the close of the 2,300 days, rather that Christ
was beginning the last phase of His ministry in
the Heavenly Sanctuary.
It was the subject of the sanctuary which was the
unlocked the mystery of the disappointment of
The altar played a very important part in the
Sanctuary service, for the plan of Salvation and
Redemption was pictured in the Sanctuary service.
We have already noticed in this
Book of Revelation how the altar symbolizes
that sacrifice then there would not be Salvation.
Also we have noticed that the Sanctuary in Heaven
is the very centre of Christ's work an behalf of
And them that worship
Not only is the temple itself to be measured but
the worshippers or God's people also, and this is
being done as the Books are
opened and examined.
Remember the statement "Who shall be able to
stand?" This applies here, for it takes us back to
chapter 3 and verse 5,
"He that overcometh, the
same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will
not blot out his name out of the book of life, but
I will confess his name before my Father,
and before his angels."
It is a solemn thought to think that God is
measuring those who
profess to be His children, their words and
actions are being
recorded in the books of heaven.
BUT THE COURT WHICH IS WITHOUT THE TEMPLE
LEAVE OUT, AND MEASURE IT NOT; FOR IT IS GIVEN
UNTO THE GENTILES: AND THE HOLY
CITY SHALL THEY TREAD UNDER FOOT FORTY AND TWO
But the court which is without the temple leave
out, and measure it not
The Court of the Sanctuary was not to be measured
because it was disconnected from the Heavenly
The Court of the earthly sanctuary was holy
ground, it was an
enclosure set apart for a sacred use. It was the
place of worship for the people and was the most sacred
place on earth which God's people could
enter. This is where the people came to worship
God with praise, confession and consecration.
Seeing that the Court is spoken of as being
and that it is separate from the Heavenly Temple,
then it can only refer to God's Church on earth.
For it is given unto
The word 'Gentiles' is used in its spiritual
significance to apply to the enemies of God.
Paul tells us that in Christ there is neither Jew
or Gentile as there is no distinction between
As these Gentiles mentioned here are treading
down God's people and His Church, then it is quite
clear they are enemies.
And the Holy City shall they tread under foot
forty and two months
The Court or the Holy City: the Court refers to
God's church and so does the Holy City, these
terms are used synonymously. Later on in
Revelation, the Holy City is used as a symbol of
The Church is cut off from God's temple only as
far as they are separated by the distance there is
However the Church, which was to be a light and
guide to those in darkness, has come under the
control of the 'man of sin', that one "Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or is worshipped; so that he as God, sitteth in the temple of God, shewing
that he is God." (2 Thessalonians 2:3,4)
The prophecy goes on to say that this would be for
a period of forty two months.
In prophecy one day stands for a year, and time is
thirty days to the month.
Forty-two months is equivalent to twelve hundred
and sixty days of prophetic time, or twelve
hundred and sixty years of literal time.
Sometimes this same period of time is called "a
time and times, and the dividing of time",
however it is just a variation of the same period,
possibly put this way to avoid monotony.
The power which trod the people of God under foot
for the 1260 years was the Papacy.
It was during this time that the truth was cast to
the ground, God's true people were slaughtered by
The smoke of Mohammedanism darkened the East and
the Papacy trod down the Church in the West.
Constantinople - Rome.
Mohammedanism tormented men like the sting of a
the 'man of sin' held men's minds in such
subjection that they were unable to see beyond
that exalted man on the throne.
In the East the Koran and a false religion held
sway, the sixth day of the week (Friday) was
substituted for the Sabbath.
In the West there was no Word of God, for it was
rigorously suppressed and the first day of the
week was substituted for the Sabbath.
AND I WILL GIVE POWER UNTO MY TWO
WITNESSES, AND THEY
SHALL PROPHESY A THOUSAND TWO HUNDRED AND
THREESCORE DAYS, CLOTHED
And I will give power unto my two witnesses
The question naturally arises, who are the two witnesses?
In verse 4 we are told that they are the two olive
trees and the
two candlesticks standing before the God of the
If this was all the information available as to
their identity, we would be hardly able to really
say for certain who they might be. Fortunately
Zechariah was also rather puzzled about the very
same thing and he was given a very clear answer to
his question. Let us notice
answered I and said unto him, What are these two
olive trees upon the right side of the candle
stick and upon the left side thereof?"
Verse 14, "Then said he, These are the two anointed
ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth".
You will notice that the margin has 'Sons of
for the two
anointed ones. This is the symbolic oil that makes
the Light of the world.
The mission of the Two Anointed Ones is to
communicate light and
power to God's people.
The LORD of all the earth is the 'Father';
the Two that stand by Him are the 'Son' and the
'Holy Spirit'. They are the Two Witnesses or the Two Anointed Ones.
The Two Witnesses on earth are the Old and the
New Testament, for God speaks to man through His
written Word the Bible.
And they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and
Christ and the Holy Spirit are not only Witnesses
but they are also prophets.
Psalm 119:105 we are told, "Thy word is a lamp
unto my feet, and a light unto my path". The Scriptures are more than a light for they
bear witness or testify of God.
In 2 Peter 1:21 we read,
"For the prophecy came
not in old time by the will of man; but holy men
of God spake as they moved by the Holy Ghost."
Holy Spirit is a prophet, for behind all prophecy
He is at work dictating the messages from God,
guiding the hand of the prophets. Christ was a
prophet for He gave us a very clear
and easy way to
follow the outline of events to take place from His day
right down to our day, in
Matthew chapter 24 and
Luke chapter 21.
They are to prophesy for 1260 days or years or 42
This is a period of time mentioned many times in
the Books of Daniel and Revelation. It is a period
known as the 'Dark Ages' which began in 538 A.D.
and stretches out to 1798 A.D.
Clothed in sackcloth
They are to prophesy clothed in sackcloth. Sackcloth is a symbol
It is during this period of the 1260 years that
the Holy Scripture were rigorously suppressed, even destroyed and burned publicly.
They were locked up in a language unfamiliar to
the people. During the 1260 years the Scriptures
were silenced by apostasy in the church and by the
smoke of Mohammedanism.
Thomas Scott has this to say about this part of
the prophecy "...that during the darkest ages of
popery, men were raised up, who bore a decided
testimony against the prevailing corruptions of
the Roman church, and for the leading doctrines of
the gospel, it was indeed the interest and constant practice
of their opponents to silence their testimony, to
blacken their characters, or to destroy them as
hereticks.." (Explanatory notes on
Revelation. Revelation chapter 11:3)
In every way the Word of Truth was suppressed.
THESE ARE THE TWO OLIVE TREES, AND THE TWO CANDLESTICKS
STANDING BEFORE THE GOD OF THE EARTH.
By the prophet Zechariah, the church is
represented as a golden
candlestick having seven branches, each branch has
its own light, but the oil which gives light comes
from a single bowl, and the
oil for this bowl is supplied by the two olive
The oil is the oil of grace, the truth of God. The
unity of the seven candlesticks is typified by
the fact that
each branch gains its supply from the one source.
The source of grace is God the Father, and His two
take that grace and pass it on to all mankind.
It is a beautiful picture of how God is constantly
ministering to the needs of the Church here on
There is only one source of light and truth here on
this earth available to man and that is the Holy
Scriptures. That is the
Old and the New Testaments which reveal to us that
divine grace which is always available to us.
Without the Holy Scriptures we would be in
complete darkness and it is only as they light the
way for us that we can have the assurance of
AND IF ANY MAN WILL HURT THEM, FIRE PROCEEDETH OUT OF THEIR
DEVOURETH THEIR ENEMIES: AND IF ANY MAN WILL HURT
THEM, HE MUST IN THIS MANNER BE KILLED.
During the Dark Ages millions of martyrs died at
the stake and
the Holy Scriptures were consigned to the flames.
The same weapon, 'fire', will be used by God to
destroy the enemies
of truth. The Papal weapons have always been the
sword, fire, or
Daniel 11:33 says, "And they that understand
among the people shall instruct many: yet they
shall fall by the sword, and by
flame, by captivity and by spoil, many days."
These very weapons will be turned upon their own
heads for it will be the sword of Armageddon and
the fires of perdition which will eventually
destroy all the enemies of the Two Witnesses.
THESE HAVE POWER TO SHUT HEAVEN, THAT IT
RAIN NOT IN THE DAYS OF THEIR PROPHECY: AND HAVE POWER OVER
WATERS TO TURN
THEM TO BLOOD, AND TO SMITE THE EARTH WILL ALL
PLAGUES, AS OFTEN AS THEY WILL.
have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the
days of their
The Two Witnesses have power
to control the elements, they can shut heaven at
their will and open it also. During the great
apostasy of Israel under the reign of Ahab and
Jezebel, the Two Witnesses through their prophet
Elijah, closed the heavens against rain for three
and a half years. Rain is a symbol of God's
blessings and to have no rain meant that God's
blessings would be withheld, that there would be a
And have power over waters to turn them to
At the time of the ten plagues on Egypt, through
the agency of Moses, the waters were turned into
blood. Again during the seven Last Plagues the
waters will be turned into blood.
And to smite the earth with all plagues, as often
as they will
The Witnesses having complete control over nature
are able to bring
plagues upon the earth whenever they wish. Plagues
are judgments and they
are sent to remind men that God is still there even if they think otherwise.
AND WHEN THEY SHALL HAVE FINISHED THEIR
TESTIMONY, THE BEAST THAT ASCENDETH OUT OF THE
BOTTOMLESS PIT SHALL MAKE WAR
AGAINST THEM, AND SHALL OVERCOME THEM, AND KILL
And when they shall have finished their testimony
During the long, dark period of the Middle Ages,
when Papal Rome ruled the world and persecuted the
true believers, the work went
very slowly. Sackcloth is a symbol of darkness,
Revelation 6:12 says, "And the sun became black
as sackcloth of hair."
Wylie the church historian says, "the noon of the
papacy was the midnight of the world." It was
during the 1260 years of Papal supremacy that the
church which should have been the light of the
world, was compelled to flee to the wilderness and
hide in caves and among the mountains.
The Papacy did its utmost to hide the Word of God
or the Bible from the people. Yet despite all
their efforts, the prophecy says that the
Witnesses would continue to prophesy.
The period when the Two Witnesses were to prophesy
clothed in sackcloth ended in 1798 A.D.
The beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit
shall make war against them
As they were approaching the termination of their
work in obscurity, war was to be made on them by a
power represented as "the beast that ascendeth
out of the bottomless pit". There are beast powers mentioned in Daniel,
however they mostly were political powers warring
against each other. This beast power brought to
light here makes war against the Two Witnesses
or the Holy
According to the prophet, just before the year 1798,
a power of Satanic origin and character would
make war against the Bible. This power was none
other than France at the time of the French
France is the only nation in the world that lifted
her hand in open rebellion against God and by the
decree of her legislative Assembly pronounced that
there was no God.
And shall overcome them, and kill them
The Two Witnesses were overcome and slain by this
During the Revolution and the reign of terror, war
was made against God and the Holy Scriptures, for
the worship of God was abolished by the National
Bibles were collected and publicly burned; the
institutions of the Bible were abolished. Even the
weekly rest-day was set aside and in its place
every tenth day was to be a public rest day.
AND THEIR DEAD BODIES SHALL LIE IN THE
STREET OF THE GREAT CITY, WHICH SPIRITUALLY IS
CALLED SODOM AND EGYPT, WHERE ALSO OUR LORD WAS
And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of
the great city
The Word of God lay dead in her streets and there
was great rejoicing, for the voices of the Two
Witnesses had been silenced.
Men and women were now free of the restrictions
and requirements that God's law places upon man.
Which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt
The 'great city' in whose streets the Witnesses
are slain and where
their dead bodies lie is called 'Sodom and
Of all nations presented in Bible history, Egypt
was the one that most boldly denied the existence
of God. When Moses brought the message of God to
proud Pharaoh he answered, "Who is Jehovah, that I
should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not
Jehovah, neither will I let Israel go." (Exodus
This is Atheism and the nation representing Egypt
in the prophecy would be an atheistic country and
there is no denying that France was such a
This is what Dr Joseph Priestly said, "When I was
myself in France in the year 1774, I saw
sufficient reason to believe that hardly a person
of eminence in church or state, and especially in
the least degree eminent in philosophy or
literature ... were believers in
Christianity ... And not only were the philosophers
and other leading men in France, at that time,
unbelievers in Christianity or deists; but they
were even atheists, denying the being of a God."
(Quoted in 'The Sacred Calendar of Prophecy,' G.S. Faber,
book 3, chapter 4)
The 'great city' is also compared to Sodom, and the
great sin of Sodom
France is a nation that demonstrated the two
characteristics described in the prophecy,
atheism and moral depravity or licentiousness.
France is a country that is renowned for low moral
Where our Lord was crucified
This specification of the prophecy was also
fulfilled by France. For no other country in
Europe or for that matter in the world openly
displayed such bitter hostility towards Christ.
In the cruel persecution of the Huguenots and the
Albigenses of France, many laid down their lives
"for the Word of God and for
the testimony of Jesus Christ." Many thousands
were put to death during the Reformation, for the
Protestants were looked upon as outlaws and a
price was placed on their heads and they were
hunted down like wild beasts.
The most fiendish deed of all was the St
Bartholomew massacre. The King of France, urged on
by the clergy, gave his sanction to this dreadful massacre. The signal for the slaughter was a bell
that tolled at midnight. The King had assured them
that their lives were not in danger so they were
peacefully sleeping when the midnight bell
tolled. Thousands were dragged out of their beds
and murdered by the Papal soldiers. For seven days
was carried on in Paris and spread into the
provinces and towns of France. No one was
spared, mother and child were cut down without
mercy. Seventy thousand Protestants lost their
lives in what has been called the blackest deed
in the history of France.
The same evil spirit that urged on the St
Bartholomew massacre, led out in the scenes of the
French Revolution. "Jesus Christ
was declared to be an impostor and the rallying
cry of the French
infidels was, "Crush the Wretch" meaning
In all this,
supreme homage was paid to Satan; while Christ, in
His characteristics of truth, purity, and
unselfish love, was crucified." G.C.
Sir Archibald Alison in his 'History of Europe'
has this to say about France's attitude to deity.
"Having massacred the great of the present, and
insulted the illustrious of former ages, nothing
remained to the Revolutionists but to direct their
fury against Heaven itself. Pache, Hebert and
Chaumette, the leaders of the municipality,
publicly expressed their determination "to
dethrone the King of heaven, as well as the
monarchs of earth." To accomplish this design,
they prevailed on Gobel, the apostate constitutional bishop of Paris, to appear at the bar of
the convention (Nov. 7, 1793) accompanied by some
of the clergy of his diocese, and there abjure the
Christian faith. That base prelate declared "that
no other national religion was now required but
that of liberty, equality, and morality." Many of
the constitutional bishops and clergy in the
Convention joined in the proposition."
During the Revolution in 1793 by decree of her
legislative Assembly, France pronounced that there
was no God.
At the same time the Republican calendar was
adopted by vote of the Convention. The Christian
era was abolished and the weekly cycle was replaced by the 10 day cycle.
All pious books of the Catholic church as well as
the Old and New Testaments were burned in a great
bonfire on the square of the temple of Reason. The
prophecy was fulfilled to the letter, like
who uttered those bold words "Who is Jehovah,
that I should obey His voice?" "I know not Jehovah!". France displayed the same atheistic
AND THEY OF THE PEOPLE AND KINDREDS AND
NATIONS SHALL SEE THEIR DEAD BODIES THREE DAYS AND
A HALF, AND SHALL NOT SUFFER THEIR DEAD BODIES TO BE PUT IN
And they of the people and kindreds and tongues
shall see their dead bodies three days and an half
The Two Witnesses lay dead in the streets, slain
by atheism. During this time the Bible was banned
and burned, fornication was made legal, and France
set up in the place of God what they called the
worship of Reason.
Under the title of 'The Worship of Reason', there
is a description of what happened at this time. "Hebert, Chaumette,
the Prussian anarchist Clootz prevailed upon the
National Convention to decree the abolition of the
Christian religion in France and the substitution
of the worship of Reason instead.
Momoro's young and beautiful but prostitute wife,
who had been
a dancer, personated the Goddess of Reason; and as
such she was enthroned on the high altar of the
Cathedral of Notre Dame and worshipped by the
members of the National Convention and the
Paris Commune..." (Library of Universal
History," Vol V111 p.2612)
It was not the goddess of Reason that France
worshipped but rather the goddess of sex. That is
what they worshipped then and it is the same
today. France has a world wide reputation for
Three days and an half
Prophetically this is
three years and
an half. This period starts on November 26, 1793,
when a decree issued in Paris abolished
to June 17th 1797, when the French government
removed the restrictions against the practice
And shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put
Peter Jurieu made this statement "The Truth shall
be slain, but it shall not be buried." The Two Witnesses have been slain
France but as the text mentions, other people and
kindreds and nations watching what was going on,
observed the results of atheism.
AND THEY THAT DWELL UPON THE EARTH SHALL REJOICE
THEM, AND MAKE MERRY, AND SHALL SEND GIFTS TO
ONE ANOTHER; BECAUSE THESE TWO PROPHETS TORMENTED THEM THAT
DWELT ON THE EARTH.
And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice
This is well described by Joseph Galloway in his
commentary on Revelation 11. "... the
commissioners of the Convention dressed up an ass,
and loading it with the symbols of Christianity,
led it in mock procession, with the Old and New
Testaments tied to its tail, and burned them to
ashes, amidst the blasphemous shouts and
acclamations of the deluded multitude." (Vol 1, pp.93,94.
And make merry, and shall send gifts one to
these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on
In order that we might more clearly understand the
picture the prophet is trying to describe, once
again we will quote from a historical writer,
George Croly A.M. "A very remarkable and
prophetic distinction of this period was the
spirit of frenzied festivity which seized upon
France. The capital and all the republican towns
were the scene of civic feasts, processions,
and shows of the most extravagant kind. The most
of peace under the most expensive kings, were
thrown into the shade by the frequency, variety,
and extent of the republican exhibitions. Yet this
was a time of perpetual miseries throughout
France. The guillotine was bloody from morn till
night." ('The Apocalypse of St John',
p.176, 2d edition. 1828)
AND AFTER THREE DAYS AND AN HALF THE SPIRIT OF
FROM GOD ENTERED INTO THEM, AND THEY STOOD UPON
THEIR FEET; AND
GREAT FEAR FELL UPON THEM WHICH SAW THEM.
And after three days and an half the spirit of
life from God entered into them
The prophet declares that after three and one-half
would come to life again. As we have a ready
noticed, it was in 1793 that the decree was issued
which abolished the Christian religion. Three
years and a half later a resolution was made,
rescinding these decrees, giving toleration to the
Scriptures. Notice these words penned by George Croly,
"The church and the Bible had been slain
in France from November 1793 till June, 1797.
The three years and a half were expended, and the
Bible, so long
and so sternly repressed before, was placed in
honor, and was openly the Book of free
Protestantism!" ('The Apocalypse of St John',
pp. 181-183, 2nd Edition 1828)
And they stood upon their feet; and great fear
fell upon them which saw them
Men of other nations looked on in astonishment at
the terrible things which happened in France, the
terrible bloodshed, the
moral abandonment, the reign of terror. France was
on the verge of of a great famine, the like of
which had never before threatened
a so called civilized country.
It says that "great fear fell upon those
who saw these things".
The nations of earth had seen the results of
rejecting the Bible and God Himself.
AND THEY HEARD A GREAT VOICE FROM HEAVEN SAYING
THEM, COME UP HITHER. AND
THEY ASCENDED UP TO HEAVEN IN A CLOUD; AND THEIR
ENEMIES BEHELD THEM.
And they heard a great voice from heaven saying
unto them, Come
The Holy Scriptures which had been so vigorously
the godless nation are now to be exalted in the
eyes of all nations.
Not only are the Witnesses resurrected by God;
they were bidden
to go back to heaven. This means that they are
restored to the exalted position they held before. The whole world had been made to realize
how terrible are the results of suppressing the
And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their
enemies beheld them
This figure describes the exultation of the Holy
Scriptures in the eyes of all people, of all
nations and tongues. It is rather significant that
in 1804, almost immediately following the French
Revolution, the British and Foreign Bible Society
This was followed by similar organizations with
Then in 1816 the American Bible Society was
founded and the Bible was made available to the people at
a very low cost, and in many instances free of charge. These Bible Societies worked tirelessly,
translating the Bible in the various languages and
dialects of the nations. The Holy Scriptures
enjoyed tremendous popularity and the Bible soon
became the world's best seller.
AND THE SAME HOUR WAS THERE A GREAT EARTHQUAKE,
THE TENTH PART OF THE CITY FELL, AND IN THE EARTHQUAKE
WERE SLAIN OF MEN SEVEN THOUSAND: AND THE REMNANT
WERE AFFRIGHTED, AND GAVE GLORY TO THE GOD OF
And the same hour was there a great earthquake
The symbol of an earthquake is used repeatedly in
Scripture to portray turmoil and upheaval. By
applying the earthquake to France,
it is a picture of the upheaval that shook the
nation toward the close of the 18th century. Notice this statement by E.B. Elliot, A.M,
"Already, it was said by Mr Burke in the year
1790, in many parts of Europe there is a hollow
murmuring under ground; a confused movement that
threatens a general earthquake of the political
world." ('Horae Apocalypticae' Vol 111,
p.300, 3d edition)
And the tenth part of the city fell
What city? Why, it is the great city spoken of in
the Book of
Revelation 17:18 says, "The woman. which
thou sawest is
that great city which reigneth over the kings
(kingdoms) of the earth." In Daniel's great image
of chapter 2 there was the ten toes or ten
kingdoms that arose out of the Western Empire of
The same kingdoms are represented by the ten
horned beast of
Daniel chapter 7 and John's
ten-horned dragon in
France was one of those ten kingdoms and thus
"the tenth part of the city", also a tenth part
of Papal Rome.
Notice what Peter Jurieu has written! "...Now what
is this tenth part of this city, which shall fall?
In my opinion we cannot doubt that tis France.
This kingdom is the most considerable part,
or piece, of the ten horns, or states, which once
made up the great Babylonian city...This tenth part of the
shall fall, with respect to the Papacy; it shall
Rome, and the Roman religion." (Accomplishment of
the Scripture Prophecies, part 2, chap 13, pp.
And in the earthquake were slain of men seven
Literally 'names of men'. Obviously this is a
It has been estimated that 1,018,603 were killed
during the French Revolution. As this 'names of
men' can also apply to the titles of men, it
seems that this must be referring to titles rather
than persons. Dr H. Moore has this to say regarding this matter,
"Whence we may understand what is meant by these
'seven thousand names of men'; for neither seven nor thousand signify an
but only the nature or property of these names of
men that are
said to be slain, namely, that they are titles,
offices, or orders of men belonging to the state of
Christendom." (Quoted in Appendix to
'Apocalyptical Key', Robert Fleming, p. 122, 1809)
In the Law of June 19,1790, hereditary nobility was abolished,
and such titles as prince, duke, count, marquis,
baron, knight as well as religious titles.
And the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to
the God of heaven
As we have noticed in many of the quotes we have
used, the French Revolution was very early
recognized as fulfilling prophecy.
Many writers living at that time were able to see
very clearly how the statements of Scripture,
fitted the events of this terrible upheaval. Those
who studied this prophecy realized that God's Word
is certainly inspired and as the Scriptures says,
"gave glory to the God of heaven."
THE SECOND WOE IS PAST; AND, BEHOLD, THE THIRD WOE
The second woe is past
is, the judgments under the sixth
trumpet which ended in 1840. Before we move on to
notice the events of the Third Woe, it is worth
taking a look at how the Turks were used by God to
open up the way for Protestantism. There are at least three examples illustrating the
working of the divine hand during this period of
When the Marco Polos returned from Cathay (China),
they brought with them such riches in gems and
told such wonderful tales that there was awakened
a great interest in that country. The land routes
were blocked by the shadow of
Islam, which cast its influence over the Middle
East and into Europe itself.
A new way to China had to be found and this is
where Christopher Columbus stepped into the
He was convinced that by sailing westward he would
East. In his discovery of America, a base for
Protestantism was made possible.
The wealth of America and the freedom with which
Americans have been able to travel in most parts
of the earth proved invaluable in the spreading of
the Gospel message.
Another incident in the early days of
Protestantism helped to
prevent a very serious setback which could have
been a real disaster. In the Reformation days the
Catholic princes of Germany organized to wipe out
Protestantism. At the zero hour, the Turks
attacked Vienna, diverting the attention of these
Catholic princes to the greater threat of those
they considered to be infidels, invading Western
Europe. In this way Protestantism was
providentially protected from being crushed.
Uriah Smith in his commentary on 'Daniel and the
Revelation' suggests, "The hordes of Saracens and
Turks were let loose as a scourge and punishment
upon apostate Christendom." God used the Mohammedan, who believing in much of
the Old Testament
Scriptures and who were opposed to idol worship, to
apostate, image-adoring Christian church.
However despite the onslaught of Islam, the
apostate Christians did not "repent of the works
of their hands and give up worshipping daemons
(demons) and idols of gold and silver and brass
and stone and wood, which cannot see or hear or
stir." (Revelation 9:20 Moffatt's
Behold the third Woe cometh quickly
The third Woe occurs under the the sounding of the
seventh Trumpet, which began in 1844. We are
living in the time of the sounding of the seventh
trumpet, which began in 1844.
We are living in the time of the sounding of the
most important message to all mankind, which
brings us to the greatest and most spectacular
events that man has ever witnessed, climaxing with
the coming of Jesus as the King of Kings and Lord
AND THE SEVENTH ANGEL SOUNDED; AND THERE WERE
GREAT VOICES IN HEAVEN, SAYING, THE KINGDOMS OF
THIS WORLD ARE BECOME THE KINGDOMS OF OUR LORD,
AND OF HIS CHRIST; AND HE SHALL REIGN FOR EVER AND
seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices
voices are probably those of the heavenly hosts.
At the time when the kingdoms of this world become
Christ's, strange supernatural events will take
place. During the 7th Plague a great voice is
heard from the temple in heaven
saying "It is done". This great voice is
none other than the voice of God, saying,
kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of
this should read Kingdom, Christ receives the
Kingdom just prior to His return to this earth.
(Daniel 7:13, 14) "And I saw in the night visions,
and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the
clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days,
and they brought Him near before Him.” And there
was given Him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom,
that all people, nations, and languages, should
serve Him: His dominion is an everlasting
dominion, which shall not pass away, and his
kingdom that which shall not be destroyed."
And of his
That is, His
Psalm 45:6,7 says,
"Thy throne, 0
God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy
kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest
righteousness: therefore God, thy God, hath
anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy
The hosts of
heaven, who themselves have not received salvation
through Christ, refer to Him as "His (God's)
Christ", as this title refers to the second
person of the Godhead. Also as the One who has
been anointed for the work of Redemption.
And He shall
reign for ever and ever
sets up His kingdom it will be everlasting.
2:44 says, "In the days of these kings shall
the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall
never be destroyed..."
AND THE FOUR AND TWENTY ELDER, WHICH SAT BEFORE
GOD ON THEIR SEATS, FELL UPON THEIR FACES, AND
statement takes us back into the throne room of
God. The twenty four elders, thrilled that at last
the grand climax has come, prostate themselves
before God. They have witnessed the great drama
taking place, the controversy between Christ and
Satan. The ages have dragged by, seemingly
endless, as they have waited for this great and
wonderful event. Now at last the crucial hour has
come and they are overcome by the drama of it all.
SAYING, WE GIVE THEE THANKS, O LORD GOD ALMIGHTY,
WHICH ART, AND WAST, AND ART TO COME; BECAUSE THOU
HAST TAKEN TO THEE THY GREAT POWER, AND HAST
give thee thanks
rejoice, for at long last the prayers of those who
have suffered here on earth are very shortly to be
answered. God’s people are soon to be caught up in
the clouds to meet the Saviour. Shortly they will
be standing around the throne praising God for
and wast, and art to come
Almighty, the One who is and who was!” (TEV) This
is another way of expressing the timelessness of
hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast
praise and glory is given to Christ, the elders
participate. As Christ lays aside His priestly
garments and now assumes the robes of royalty, He
becomes the KING of KINGS and LORD of LORDS for it
is at this time that He takes to Himself
AND THE NATIONS WERE ANGRY, AND THY WRATH IS COME,
AND THE TIME OF THE DEAD, THAT THEY SHOULD BE
JUDGED, AND THAT THOU SHOULDEST GIVE REWARD UNTO
THE SERVANTS THE PROPHETS, AND TO THE SAINTS, AND
THEM THAT FEAR THY NAME, SMALL AND GREAT; AND
SHOULDEST DESTROY THEM WHICH DESTROY THE EARTH.
nations were angry
The anger of
the nations, one toward the other, has been
constantly increasing. In some instances there is
a hatred which will eventually flare into violent
And thy wrath
is poured upon an unrepentant world in the seven
Revelation 15:1 says, "And I saw
another sign in heaven, great and marvellous,
seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in
them is filled up the wrath of God.” It is at
this time, that the Four Angels holding back the
winds of Strife are told to let go. The anger of
the nations will be beyond comprehension.
And the time
of the dead, that they should be judged
stands up, God's people, both the dead and the
living have been judged. Daniel was given a vision
of the great investigative judgment. In
chapter 7 and verses 9 and 10, he saw the Ancient
of days take His place on the throne, the angels
stood before the throne and then everything was in
readiness for the opening of the books. In verse
13, the Son of man came into the assembly and
began His work as Judge and Advocate.
says, "For the Father judgeth no man, but hath
committed all judgment unto the Son.”
Right down in
the very hour in which we are living, the
measuring rod is being placed against the
characters of God's people. If found worthy, then
the Seal of the Living God will be placed upon
them. How few realize the seriousness of the hour
in which we live. That is why God has given us the
Book of Revelation, that we might read for
ourselves those things which are meant to prepare
us to stand in these last days. Right through the
entire Book we meet up with that very pertinent
question, "For the great day of His wrath is
come: and who shall be able to stand?"
thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the
have never had things easy, some have suffered
great hardships. Jesus mentioned that some had
been stoned for the witness they had
given. Jeremiah was imprisoned in a foul, vile
smelling dungeon, and was threatened with death on
more than one occasion. It was with great
difficulty that the prophets gave their messages,
however regardless of personal safety, they
faithfully delivered the warnings from God, and
judgments upon individuals and nations. Now at
last they are to receive the rewards for
And to the
saints, and to them that fear thy name, small and
At last the
hour has come! This is the hour for which God's
people throughout the long ages have longed and
looked forward to. All receive the one great
reward, the most important reward of all, that is
everlasting life. It does not matter how they
died, everlasting life is their reward. Some have
been peacefully laid in their graves. Others have
suffered terrible tortures. Some have lived and
died in underground tunnels, cut off from the
sunlight, living in continual darkness and gloom.
Still others have lived in dens and caves, high up
in the cold bleak mountains; they have been hunted
from one place to another, not knowing when their
hideouts would be found. At last, they receive
their rewards, far beyond all expectation, far
beyond their wildest dreams.
destroy them which destroy the earth
This is the
time when the angry nations are going to meet up
with an angry God. As the Four Angels let go the
winds of strife, the nations are no longer held in
check. There is no restraining hand to hold back
the forces of evil and so all over the earth, the
tides of evil will sweep from one nation to
another. Led on by Satan, the mastermind of evil
behind the scenes, the wicked inhabitants of earth
will try to destroy this earth but God steps in
and instead of the earth being destroyed, it will
be the wicked who will be destroyed.
AND THE TEMPLE OF GOD WAS OPENED IN HEAVEN, AND
THERE WAS SEEN IN HIS TEMPLE THE ARK OF HIS
TESTAMENT: AND THERE WERE LIGHTNINGS, AND VOICES,
AND THUNDERINGS, AND AN EARTHQUAKE, AND GREAT
temple of God was opened in heaven
the very first chapter of Revelation, the
Sanctuary has had a very prominent place. It is
very clear that in order to understand what the
Book of Revelation is all about, it is most
important to have an understanding of this
opens with an open door in heaven and a vision of
the heavenly Sanctuary or God’s Holy Temple. And
now the prophet carries us back to the beginning
of the seventh Trumpet. We have studied enough of
this Book to realize that all through, this is
done deliberately, repetition helps to fix the
details in our minds.
After we have
been given a picture of the last days, the nations
angry, ready for the last great battle of
Armageddon, God's wrath poured out in the seven
Last Plagues, climaxing in the glorious
deliverance of God's people, we are taken back to
the opening of the Second Apartment of the
Heavenly Sanctuary which took place in 1844.
was seen in his temple the ark of his testament
It is the Ark
of His Testament which is the focal point of this
vision. This is not surprising as inside that Ark
were the Ten Commandments; they are God’s
constitution for the human race. The Ten
Commandments define our relationship to God; the
first four tell us how we are to worship Him, that
God as Creator is the only One to be worshipped,
not by any man made imagery, but in Spirit and in
truth, that His Name is to be treated with the
greatest respect. Also that He has a special day
which He has set aside for worship which is
clearly defined in
Exodus 20:10, "But the
seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God”.
Very important is the relationship Christians
should have one with the other, parents are to be
honoured, life is not to be taken, adultery to be
shunned, stealing is sinful, false witness, any
abomination and finally coveting which will close
In a number
of places the tables of stone are called the
tables of witness, therefore the Ten Commandments
are God’s witness, they witness to His position,
His person, His character, and to His Godhead.
However, in a more pointed sense the fourth
Commandment is a witness that God created all
things in six days and rested on the seventh. It
is right here that God sets before the people the
reason for Sabbath observance. It is a witness
that He is the Creator, and God of all. The
Scripture plainly states that the Sabbath is a
sign and a witness. lt is worth noting how these
words are brought together in
"It is a sign between me and the children of
Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made
heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he
rested, and was refreshed. And he gave unto Moses,
when he had made an end of communing with him upon
mount Sinai, two tables of testimony (witness)
tables of stone, written with the finger of God."
It is very
plain that the Sabbath is a sign and witness of
creation hallowed and sanctified by God to be a
perpetual memorial right throughout eternity.
Isaiah 66:22,23 says, "For as the new
heavens and the new earth, which I will make,
shall remain before me, saith the LORD, so shall
your seed and your name remain. And it shall come
to pass, that, from one new moon to another, and
from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come
to worship before me, saith the LORD." Right
throughout eternity the Redeemed will be keeping
the Sabbath in honour of the Creator.
Commandments as a witness and also in defining our
relationship to God and to our fellowmen, have a
very important part to play in the plan of
Salvation; for they tell us how God should be
worshipped and how as Christians we should treat
our fellowmen. That is why John was given this
special vision immediately after viewing the
tremendous events of the Last Days. And right
through the Book of Revelation special emphasis is
placed on Commandment keeping, overcoming, and
"Who shall be able to stand?" If you really want
to know who will be able to stand; it will be
those who have taken notice of how God should be
worshipped and our fellowmen
were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and
an earthquake, and great hail
manifestations of physical nature described here,
remind us of some of the spectacular things which
took place when the Ten Commandments were first
given at Mt Sinai.
Exodus 20:18 says,
the people saw the thunderings, and the liqhtnings,
and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain
At the time
of the Seven Last Plagues the temple in heaven is
revealed, and lightning and thunder, great hail
and a mighty earthquake will follow.
16:17,18 (Modern Language version) says,
seventh angel emptied his bowl into the air, and a
loud voice came out of the sanctuary from the
throne, saying, It is finished. Then there
followed lightning flashes, rumblings and
thunderpeals, and such a tremendous earthquake as
had never occurred since man existed on the earth,
so extensive and severe was it”.
So what we
are seeing as the temple in heaven is opened is a
representation of God's final judgment. This is
the time when the Books are opened and the records
examined and every case decided and God's kingdom
number is made up.