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Book of Song of Solomon
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Song of Solomon 1

King James Version
1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.
3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers:

we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine:

the upright love thee.
5 I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.
6 Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.
7 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?

8 If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.
10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.
11 We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.

12 While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.
13 A bundle of myrrh is my well-beloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.
14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

15 Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.

16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.

17 The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

Bible Commentary

1. The song of songs. The expression implies that this song is of peculiar excellence.  The Jews considered the Song of Solomon the most excellent of all Bible songs.  The original title presumably compared the song with the other 1,004 composed by Solomon (1 Kings 4:32)

2. Let him kiss me. The speaker is evidently the Shulamite maid.  Her speech continues to the end of v. 7, except for interruptions by the ladies of the court indicated by the "we" of v. 4.

3. Ointment poured forth. Among the Orientals perfume and ointment were very precious. For Solomon's bride the name of her beloved meant more to her than any perfume, however sweet.

4. The upright love thee. Or, "they love thee uprightly".  These could be words of approval spoken by the bride, who believes that all should feel kindly affection toward a man as charming as her beloved.  She feels that all will approve her decision to marry Solomon.

5. I am black. She probably means no more than that she is dark complexioned.
Kedar. Nomadic tribes of Ishmael (Gen. 25:13) inhabiting the Arabian deserts (see Isa. 42:11). They are said to have lived in tents made of black goatskins.

6. My mother's children. It seems that the bride's older brothers had left their little sister to take care of the vineyards, thus causing her to become sunburned.
Mine own vineyard. That is, her own personal beauty (see ch. 8:12).  Her brothers had not allowed her the leisure or the opportunity to give attention to her appearance.

8. If thou know not. Another voice is introduced.  It may be that of Solomon, or it may be the playful response of the court ladies telling the Shulamite to be patient.  In due time her lover will appear.  In the meantime she is to continue watching her flocks.

12. Spikenard. A powerful perfume probably obtained from India.  Spikenard early became an article of commerce.

13. Bundle of myrrh. Myrrh was extracted from the aromatic resin of what was probably the Arabian Balsamodendron myrrha tree.  The Hebrew women are reported to have worn under their dresses, on occasions, a bottle or little bag of myrrh suspended from their necks.

14. Cluster of camphire. Better, "cluster of henna flowers."  The plant grew in southern Palestine and produced odoriferous yellow and white flowers.  The flowers and twigs were sometimes ground into powder, from which the Oriental women made a yellow dye to stain their hands and feet.
En-gedi. Literally, "fountain of the kid".  It was a district to the west of the Dead Sea, about midway between the mouth of the Jordan and the southern extremity of the lake.

16. Our bed is green. It is not certain whether the bride is here describing a couch in the palace, or whether she is referring to her former environment.  Some see here a reference to the nuptial bed.4

References and notes
1.  King James Authorized Version
2.  Matthew Henry Bible Commentary -
3.  John Gill's Exposition of the Bible -
4.  SDA Bible Commentary - Vol. 3 pgs. 1109, 1115, 1116



Music for Song of Songs 1

Click image for hear a song preview of Song of Solomon 1. This song was composed in 2005 and features on the 43 minute low budget CD album Song of Solomon.

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In this chapter, after the title of the book (v. 1), we have Christ and his church, Christ and a believer, expressing their esteem for each other.
The bride, the church, speaks to the bridegroom (v. 2-4), to the daughters of Jerusalem (v. 5, 6), and then to the bridegroom (v. 7).
Christ, the bridegroom, speaks in answer to the complaints and requests of his spouse (v. 8-11). The church expresses the great value she has for Christ, and the delights she takes in communion with him (v. 12-14). Christ commends the church's beauty (v. 15).
The church returns the commendation (v. 16, 17). Where there is a fire of true love to Christ in the heart this will be of use to blow it up into a flame.


Synopsis of Song of Songs 1

In this chapter, after the general title of the book, Song of Solomon 1:1, the church expresses her strong desires, and most ardent wishes, for some fresh discoveries of the love of Christ to her, and for communion with him; having tasted of his love, smelt a sweet savour in his grace, and enjoyed fellowship with him in his house, ver. 2.
She observes her blackness and uncomeliness in herself; the trials and afflictions she met with from others; and her carelessness and negligence of her own affairs, ver. 5;
and entreats her beloved to direct her where she might meet with him, feeding his flocks, and giving them rest, to which he returns a kind and gracious answer; gives her proper instructions where to find him, ver. 7;
and commends her beauty; sets forth her amiableness and loveliness, by various metaphors; and makes promises of more grace and good things to her, ver. 9.
And then she declares what a value she had for Christ, her beloved; and how precious he was unto her, like a bundle of myrrh, and a cluster of camphire, ver. 12.
Christ again praises her beauty; and particularly takes notice of her eyes, and her modest look, ver. 15;
and she returns the encomium back to him, and expresses her pleasure and satisfaction in the house he had built for her, and the furniture of it, ver. 16.3



Song of Solomon Category

The Song of Solomon Song Category is a great starting point for searching the songs which make up this music category. The song category page contains Daily Scriptures and easy links to song previews and song pages. The song pages include interesting background information and commentary about the songs and the Bible author. Sometimes there are links to related web pages including Bible Quotes, Sermons, Music samples, and Bible Puzzles.

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