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Book of Song of Solomon
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Song of Solomon 2

King James Version
1 I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

2 As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.

3 As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.
4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.
5 Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples: for I am sick of love.
6 His left hand is under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me.
7 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.
8 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.
9 My beloved is like a roe or a young hart: behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth at the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.
10 My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.
11 For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;
12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;
13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.

14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.
15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.

16 My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.
17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a roe or a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.

Bible Commentary

1. Rose of Sharon. By spiritual application, both the titles 'rose of Sharon' and 'lily of the valleys' have been referred to Christ.  Grammatically and contextually, however, it is more natural to consider this a statement of the bride.  The word translated 'rose' occurs only here and in Isa. 35:1, and the identity is uncertain.  'Sharon' means literally, 'a field', 'a plain', and as a proper name signifies the maritime plain between Joppa and Mt. Carmel.
Lily of the valleys. The word for 'lily' may have either a masculine or a feminine form.  The feminine form occurs here, whereas the masculine appears in other parts of the Book of Song of Solomon.  The feminine form occurs again in ch. 2:2 where it definitely applies to the Shulamite maid.  Contextural considerations also favour this view.  According to it the bride is confessing her modesty, stating that she feels out of place in a palace.  She is only a country flower.

2. Lily among thorns. Solomon assures his bride that all other women, compared to her, are like thorn plants compared with a beautiful wild flower.

3. The apple tree. The bride returns the compliment: her bridegroom, compared to other men, is like a fruit tree compared with the nonfruit-bearing trees of the forest.

4. Banqueting house. Literally, 'house of wine'.

5. Stay me with flagons. Rather, "sustain me with cakes of dried grapes."  These cakes were considered to be stimulating, and hence beneficial in cases of exhaustion.
Sick of Love. In modern English she would say that she was lovesick.  The bride was completely overcome with the thrill of her new experience and could not find figures adequate to describe her ecstatic delight.

9. Roe. In modern English, a gazelle.

12. Turtle. Heb. tor, the turtledove, a species of pigeon.

14. My dove. The rock pigeon selects the lofty cliffs and deep ravines for its roosting places, and avoids the neighbourhood of men. Thus Solomon indicates the modesty and shyness of his loved one.

15. Take us the foxes. The meaning of this line and the identification of the speaker are matters of conjecture.  Some think that this is a warning against the foxes that come in the spring and destroy the vines that are just then in blossom.  Others think that the Shulamite is giving the reason why she cannot immediately respond to her beloved's invitation, since she has domestic duties to perform.  Others think that the reference is merely to the playful pleasure the happy lovers would enjoy chasing the little foxes in the aromatic vineyards.

17. Mountains of Bether. No such geographical mountains are known.  Perhaps the word here rendered "Bether" should be translated instead.  Bether comes from a root meaning "to cut in two," hence possibly cleft mountains are meant.3

References and notes
1.  King James Authorized Version
3.  John Gill's Exposition of the Bible -
3.  Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary - Vol. 3 pgs. 1109, 1115, 1116


Music for Song of Songs 2

Click image for hear a song preview of Song of Solomon 2. This song was composed in 2005 and features on the 43 minute low budget CD album Song of Solomon.

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Four main points sum up the internal evidence in favour of a Solomonic authorship:
The knowledge displayed of plants, animals, and other productions of nature, is in accordance with what is said about Solomon in 1 Kings 4:33
The evidence of wide acquaintance with foreign products such as were imported in the time of Solomon.
Similarity of the Song of Solomon with certain parts of the book of Proverbs (Cant. 4:5, cf. Prov. 5:19; Cant. 4:11, cf. Prov. 5:3; Cant. 6:9, cf. Prov. 31:28)
The language of the Canticles is such as one would expect from the time of Solomon.  It belongs to the flourishing period of the Hebrew tongue.  Highly poetical, vigorous and fresh, it has no traces of the decay that became evident in the declining period when Israel and Judah were divided. None of these indications is in itself conclusive, but together they point strongly to Solomon as the author.



The marriage of Solomon to the Shulamite Maid, 1:2 to 2:7
Solomon enters.  He and the bride exchange mutual expressions of love, 1:9 to 2:7
Recollections of Fond Associations, 2:8 to 3:5
A delightsome rendezvous in the springtime, 2:8-17


Synopsis of Song of Songs 2

Here begins a new colloquy between Christ and his church; in which they alternately set forth the excellencies of each other; and express their mutual affection for, and delight and pleasure they take in, each other's company. Christ seems to begin, in an account of himself and his own excellencies, and of the church in her present state, ver. 1;
then she, in her turn, praises him, and commends him above all others relates some choice proofs she had had of his love to her, and of communion with him in his house and ordinances, to such a degree as to overcome her, ver.3;
and then either he or she gives a charge to the daughters of Jerusalem, not to disturb either the one or the other in their sweet repose, ver.7.
Next the church relates how she heard the voice of Christ, and had a sight of him on the hills and mountains, at some distance; then more nearly, behind her wall, and through the lattices, ver. 8;
and expresses the very words in which he spake to her, and gave her a call to come away with him; making use of arguments from the season of the year, the signs of which are beautifully described, ver. 10;
and requests that she would come out of her solitude, that he might enjoy her company, whose countenance and voice are so delightful to him; and gives a charge to her and her friends, to seize on such as were harmful and prejudicial to their mutual property, ver. 14.
And she closes the chapter with expressing her faith of interest in Christ; and with a petition for his speedy approach to her, and continued presence with her, ver. 16.


Shulamite Maid

Shulamite (Cant. 6:13) should probably be Shunammite (see 1 Kings 1:3).  If so, the maiden was from Shunem, a town in the territory of Issachar (see Joshua 19:18).  Shunem was the scene of the touching story recorded in 2 Kings 4:8-37, in which the prophet Elisha raised to life the son of his Shunammite benefactress.  The modern city of Solem stands on the ancient site.2


Song of Solomon Category

The Song of Solomon Song Category is a great starting point for searching the songs which make up this music category. The song category page contains Daily Scriptures and easy links to song previews and song pages. The song pages include interesting background information and commentary about the songs and the Bible author. Sometimes there are links to related web pages including Bible Quotes, Sermons, Music samples, and Bible Puzzles.

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